Kosmach

If the nation used to call Kolomya the gate of Hutsulshchyna, Verkhovyna is it’s heart, Yavoriv is it’s art center, and the capital of Hutsulshchyna, is the village Kosmach.

Strictly speaking it is not a village, but the whole “state”, that consists of 32 “republics”. These are: Rushir, Bani, Stavnyk, Zavoyely, Vipchyna, Pohir, Mel, Andrijtseva, Bahno, Medvezhyi, Doshchanyi, Pochosa, Dil, Klyauza, Playutsy, Lishiv, Horishne, Tsentr, Tsaryna, Prokiritsy, Bukovets, Vipchyenka, Klyfa, Oblaz, Suhil, Tarnytsi, Runok, Preluky, Lany, Zapohari and Chereshenka.

The first written mentioning of Kosmach was in the year 1412. The village borders Akreshory, Brustory, Lyucha, Prokurava, Tekucha and Shepit. It is 520–560 meters above sea level. It is 32 km from Kosiv and from the railway station in Kolomyya it is 32 km.

In and outside the village run the rivers Rushir with the bay Dymbovets, Pistynka with the bay Stavnyk with the streams Kuchereva, Hrehitka, Tikach, Surupatul, Bahnenka and Medvezhe.

There are the mountain summit’s Munchil (658 m), Shtyvjora (1,126), Lysyna (1,464), Hrehit (1,491), Steryshora (1,114), Dzhuhryn (882), Preluku (1,022), Bukovets (969), and Suhlin (1,160).

Most part of the territory is within the forest’s natural boundaries. The plots of tillable lands are not large; the soils are mostly light grey, with low fertility.

In the village there are 2,376 economies. The main lovelihoodis cattle breeding. Numerous decorative folk arts are developed there. Many skilled masters are very well known in the villageand beyond it’s borders.

There are over 682 pupils in a newly built school where 60 teachers work.

In the center of Kosmach there are two churches. There is a village library and historical museum there.

M. Yusypchuk created in his country house, a private museum in which there are a lot of his own interesting handmade goods from roots of trees and other original exhibits that reveal different sides of villaqe history.

Famous people whose biographies are closely connected with Kosmach are the painters O. Novakivskyi, H. Smolskyi and M. Moroz, composer — M. Kolessa, public woman — K. Lysetska; art critic — D. Pozhodzhuk; historian — P. Siredzhuk, journalist and public man — V. Pozhodzhuk.

For 40–50 years of the 20th century, Kosmach was the heart of the opposition to fascists and Bolsheviks occupants. Many kosmachan took part and died in the struggle against the occupants. Especially cruel battles were fought in Kosmach from the 30th of January to the 3rd of February 1945.

Valuable monuments to nature are Pozheretulskyi State Ornithological Preservation, a rock of Novakivskoho, and a waterfall on the Rushora River.


Note Kosmach is called the capital of Hutsulshchyna.
Note
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